Along with standard Forex instruments such as major currency pairs and crosses, the best brokerage companies and dealing centers try to offer their clients additional financial instruments. Recently, the possibility of trading futures and options FORTS has become increasingly popular. This page contains the rating of brokers with access to the FORTS market.
The term FORTS (from the English futures and Options on RTS – futures and options on the RTS exchange) appeared in 2001 and refers to a set of trading technologies developed By the Saint Petersburg exchange in the mid-90s. These technologies are designed to work with fixed – term obligations-options and futures on popular assets, such as the RTS index, shares of large domestic companies, bonds and Urals oil.
Futures – obligations to buy or sell in the future at current prices, with a pre-set specification (quantity, packaging, delivery date or "expiration"). Trading such contracts is similar in many ways to trading ordinary shares, but it has several important advantages:
- The buyer does not need to pay for the purchased asset itself;
- The seller is not obliged to carry out the delivery itself, that is, the actual provision of the goods to the buyer is not required;
- The parties must make a guarantee in the amount of 5-15% of the contract value, which serves as a pledge.
When the contract is closed (in a counter transaction), the guarantee obligations are returned to the parties. Thus, the available funds can be used to purchase 10-20 times more contracts than if they are paid in full. This is leverage and provides a significant profit. According to the FORTS rules, there is no additional fee for using these funds and no Deposit fee.
Options grant the right (but not the obligation) to sowarrange a purchase and sale in the future at a pre-agreed price. The terms of these contracts are similar to those of futures, but their main purpose is to hedge transactions on the underlying assets, thereby reducing the possible risk in trading.
Despite the high potential yield of FORTS contracts, a novice trader should understand that high leverage entails high risks. Under unfavorable circumstances, there is a high probability of losing all funds in a very short time. It is known that the biggest and most scandalous exchange bankruptcies occurred in the options market.
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